Division in Vedic Mathematics
There are so many shortcuts for multiplication but hardly any shortcuts for division. Nandeesh has translated a Sanskrit Sutra to reduce long division to one line short-cut. Join me in thanking him for his great efforts.
Long Division reduced to one-line shortcut
Example 1: 716769 ÷ 54.
Reduce the divisor 54 to 5 pushing the remaining digit 4 “on top of the flag” (Dhvajanka so to say).
Corresponding to the number of digits flagged on top (in this case, one), the rightmost part of the number to be divided is split to mark the placeholder of the decimal point or the remainder portion.
Let us walk through the steps of this example:
716769 ÷ 54 = 13273.5
- 7 ÷ 5 = 1 remainder 2. Put the quotient 1, the first digit of the solution, in the first box of the bottom row and carry over the remainder 2
- The product of the flagged number (4) and the previous quotient (1) must be subtracted from the next number (21) before the division can proceed. 21 – 4 x 1 = 1717 ÷ 5 = 3 remainder 2. Put down the 3 and carry over the 2
- Again subtract the product of the flagged number (4) and the previous quotient (3), 26 – 4 x 3 = 1414 ÷ 5 = 2 remainder 4. Put down the 2 and carry over the 4
- 47 – 4 x 2 = 3939 ÷ 5 = 7 remainder 4. Put down the 7 and carry over the 4
- 46 – 4 x 7 = 1818 ÷ 5 = 3 remainder 3. Put down the 3 and carry over the 3
- 39 – 4 x 3 = 27. Since the decimal point is reached here, 27 is the raw remainder. If decimal places are required, the division can proceed as before, filling the original number with zeros after the decimal point27 ÷ 5 = 5 remainder 2. Put down the 5 (after the decimal point) and carry over the 2
- 20 – 4 x 5 = 0. There is nothing left to divide, so this cleanly completes the division
Example 2: 45026 ÷ 47
Reduce the divisor 47 to 4 pushing the remaining digit 7 “on top of the flag” (Dhvajanka so to say).
Corresponding to the number of digits flagged on top (in this case, one), the rightmost part of the number to be divided is split to mark the placeholder of the decimal point or the remainder portion.
Let us walk through the steps of this example:
45026 ÷ 47 = 958.0
4 | 9 | 7 | 5 | |||
4^{7} | 4 | 5 | 0 | 2 | 6 | |
^{0} | ^{9} | ^{5} | ^{8} | ^{0} |
- 4 ÷ 4 = 0 remainder 4. Put the quotient 0, the first digit of the solution, in the first box of the bottom row and carry over the remainder 4
- The product of the flagged number (7) and the previous quotient (0) must be subtracted from the next number (45) before the division can proceed. 45 – 7 x 0 = 4545 ÷ 4 = 9 remainder 9. Put down the quotient 9 and carry over the remainder 9.
- Again subtract the product of the flagged number (7) and the previous quotient (9), 90 – 7 x 9 = 2727 ÷ 4 = 5 remainder 7. Put down the quotient 5 and carry over the remainder 7.
- 72 – 7 x 5 = 3737 ÷ 4 = 8 remainder 5. Put down the quotient 8 and carry over the remainder 5.
- 56 – 7 x 8 = 0there is nothing left to divide, so this cleanly completes the division.
In reply to the query of Pratiush
To divide 716769 by 156: Split divisor as 15 and 6
——————— 11 17 12 12 15 9
15 6 71 6 7 6 9 0 0
—————– 4 5 9 4 6 7 3
Answer: 4594.673
Remarks: In the first step we have written that 4 ÷ 4 = 0 remainder 4 instead of 4 ÷ 4 = 1 remainder 0. Otherwise, in the following step, we would have to subtract 7*1=7 from 05 which is not possible.
This post is contributed by Nandeesh Nagarajaia. He is a Chemical Engineer who did his B.Tech from NIT Suratkal. He is now in IT field as Assistant General Manager(Systems) in Hindustan Copper Limited.
Other guest posts by Nandeesh –
Plz explain properly in detail. No similarity in mehod between 1st question and second question.
Kindly clarify whether vedic maths can be applied globally. For eg how to use vedic maths for simple division like 36/4
in the second step 45/4=11 but written as 9??
4/4=0….HUH?????……………………….
sir
in second example,
4/4=0
how it is possible.. plz explain it..
How to solve 4586 / 51
Example 3. Why not end the division on step 5) 129-24=105 and 105/15=7 +0 no remainder. Why continue with 106/15=6+15 and onwards. If not for the calculator, who knows 716769/156= 4594.673. What am I missing?? Please do not let me revert to insomnia for this minute detail. Do reply to my query!
Sir plz explain this division:8997654/99
Sir plz explain this division:
8997654/99