Origin of Vedic Maths or Vedic Ganit
At the beginning of the twentieth century, when there was a great interest in the Sanskrit texts in Europe, Bharati Krsna Swamiji tells us some scholars ridiculed certain texts which were headed ‘Ganita Sutras’- which means mathematics. They could find no mathematics in the translation and dismissed the texts as rubbish. Bharati Krsna Swamiji, who was himself a scholar of Sanskrit, Mathematics, History and Philosophy, studied these texts and after lengthy and careful investigation was able to reconstruct the mathematics of the Vedas. According to his research all of mathematics is based on sixteen Sutras, or word-formulae.
Bharati Krsna wrote sixteen volumes expounding the Vedic system, which you can find in the book named Vedic Mathematics by Bharati Krsna Tirthaji. These sutras were unaccountably lost and when the loss was confirmed in his final years he wrote a single book: Vedic Mathematics, currently available. It was published in 1965, five years after his death. The term Vedic Mathematics now refers to a set of sixteen mathematical formulae or sutras and their corollaries derived from the Vedas.
You can find more details about Origin of Vedic Maths here at wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bharati_Krishna_Tirtha’s_Vedic_mathematics